Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is an inherited disease that causes cysts to form in the kidneys.Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is one of the most common of all life-threatening human genetic disorders. It is an incurable genetic disorder characterized by the formation of fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys of affected individuals. These cysts multiply over time. It was originally believed that the cysts eventually caused kidney failure by crowding out the healthy kidney tissue. It is now thought that the kidney damage seen in PKD is actually the result of the body’s immune system. The immune system, in its attempts to rid the kidney of the cysts, instead progressively destroys the formerly healthy kidney tissue.
Smoking raises blood pressure. For those who already have high blood pressure, smoking makes it even higher. In addition, smoking causes changes in the normal blood pressure rhythm during the daytime and nighttime. In people with high blood pressure, smoking increases the risk for microalbuminuria almost two times higher than nonsmokers.
Referring to smoking, it is well known that smoking is harmful to every person, and for the patients who have already suffered the disease’s harm and torture, smoking is nothing else than rubbing salt into their wounds. In fact, cigarette has nearly 40 kinds of harmful and toxic substances such as tar, nicotine, phenols, alcohol, acids, aldehydes, etc, which are not only harmful to your lungs, but also harmful to your kidneys, stomach and other body organs.
There is no known way to prevent PKD, but certain lifestyle modifications can help control symptoms. People who have PKD should not drink heavily or smoke. They should not use aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , or other prescription or over-the-counter medications that can impair kidney function. Individuals affected with PKD should eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and maintain a weight appropriate for their height, age, and body type. Regular medical monitoring is also recommended.