High blood pressure is one of the early symptoms of PKD. There are about 50% young PKD patients have blood pressure higher than 140-90mmHg and nearly all patients develop high blood pressure in end stage PKD.
To learn how to control and treat high blood pressure, first let’s see what is the normal value of blood pressure and what is called hypertension.
Normal blood pressure
Systolic blood pressure<130mmHg
Diastolic blood pressure<85mmHg
Ideal blood pressure
Systolic blood pressure<120mmHg
Diastolic blood pressure<80mmHg
The normal upper limit of blood pressure
Systolic blood pressure 130-139mmHg
Diastolic blood pressure 85-89mmHg
The following are some suggestions for controlling blood pressure in daily life for PKD patients.
Some beneficial foods: hawthorn, black fungus, celery, chrysanthemum tea.
Some beneficial exercises: walking, jogging, Tai Chi, etc.
While doing exercises, patients should avoid strenuous activities or abdominal traumas so as to lower the risk of rupture of these multiple continuously enlarged cysts in patients’ kidneys.
Besides these conventional measures for controlling blood pressure, PKD patients should not forget the root problem—these numerous renal cysts. Continuously enlarged and increased cysts will oppress normal renal tissues and cause ischemia, hypoxia and low blood perfusion in the kidneys, thus causing high blood pressure. If not treated well, high blood pressure will in turn worsen renal damage. Only if the cysts are shrunk or removed and further enlargement of these cysts are controlled, can the renal oppression be relieved and renal fibrosis be reversed.
Surgery is a good method to remove renal cyst in short time, however it is more suitable to treat simple and single cyst and not very proper for PKD. What is more, the formation of cysts in PKD is gene-related and there are numerous cysts which vary in size, so it is impossible to be treated through surgery.
From this regard, Chinese herbal medicines has better curative effects than surgery in the long run. This is because herbal medicines can have overall effects on shrinking both small and large cysts.
Controlling blood pressure has a lot of benefits for PKD patients. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for speeding up deterioration of kidney function and therefore a relatively low and stable blood pressure can enable a better prognosis for PKD patients.